There is no doubt that there is a lot to consider when planning a kitchen – but the most important decision is which kitchen shape to install: Kitchenette, cooking island, eat-in kitchen, or corner kitchen? How exactly are these kitchen shapes defined? And what are the requirements, advantages, and disadvantages to consider? Rest assured: there is a suitable kitchen shape for every kitchen space.
Important points in kitchen planning
Apart from the size of the room and its layout, there is another important point to consider when planning a kitchen. Namely, the answer to the question: what shape of kitchen is suitable for you? What shape suits your daily life? Respectively: What is your daily routine? Before you start looking for a kitchen, you should answer the following questions:
- How big is your passion for cooking? How often do you use the kitchen and what do you cook there – in other words, how much work surface do you need and what electrical appliances do you need space for?
- Do you cook alone or with your family? Do the children help out? The background to this question is, of course, the space and layout in the new kitchen – also to reasonably accommodate a step stool for the smaller cooks.
- Is there any other storage space for groceries or large pots? A basement room or utility room?
- Does the dining table need to be in the kitchen with it, or do you still have a separate dining room? Would a small counter or nook be sufficient for breakfast in the kitchen?
In addition, there are organizational questions such as:
- Are you building the kitchen from scratch or would you like to renovate a kitchen?
- Where and how are the electricity, water and sewage connections located? Can or should any of these be relocated for the benefit of the dream kitchen?
- What is your budget?
What kitchen shapes are there in the first place?
The most common kitchen shapes are the eat-in kitchen, the kitchen with cooking island, the corner kitchen or angle kitchen – also called U-kitchen as well as L-kitchen – the two-line kitchen and the single-line kitchen. We present them to you.
The classic for small rooms: the kitchenette
What is it? The single-line kitchen or kitchenette consists of one kitchen element. All cabinets and electrical appliances are arranged next to each other in a row.
Prerequisite: a wall with a minimum length of three meters and electricity, water, and sewage connections.
|+ A kitchenette is space-saving.
+ The single-line kitchen is suitable for narrow
+ This kitchen is reasonably priced.
+ An efficient layout and optimal
|– In a single-line kitchen, there is usually
little working and storage space. To make room on the
space on the work surface for kneading pizza dough
or for electrical appliances,
you need to get creative.- Depending on the system of the cooker hood.
you additionally lose
Storage space in the wall cabinet.- With the wrong arrangement of a sink,
refrigerator and stove in a kitchen with
kitchen with a kitchenette will be very long and
The shortest work path: The two-line kitchen
What is it? Two kitchen units attached to opposite walls or built up side by side in an L-shape without corner cabinets are called a two-line kitchen. Put the extension of a simple kitchen unit with additional storage space and kitchen cabinets on the opposite side of the room.
Prerequisite: when planning, between the two rows should be calculated at least 1.20 meters distance in the middle so that you can still easily pass the cabinet door when it is open. When several cooks are at work, a smaller room width can lead to storage problems. Two-line kitchens are recommended for rooms with at least eight square meters.
|+ This kitchen shape is space-saving,
but still offers more storage space
and work surface than a single-line kitchen –
this makes the two-line kitchen suitable even for
suitable for medium-sized households.+ In a two-line kitchen, particularly efficient
efficient work is possible.
Thanks to the so-called ergonomic
the triangle between the refrigerator,
sink and stove/oven
the work paths are shortened, and cooking
cooking becomes more efficient,
because everything takes place
takes place within a triangular structure.
|– This kitchen form of the two-row
kitchen is a pure cooking kitchen
– a dining place can usually not be accommodated
Around the corner and into the angle: kitchens in U-shape or L-shape
What is it? Angle kitchen, also called a corner kitchen, is planned to fill at least one corner of the room, that is, an angle. This shape of kitchen is called L-shape. If the corner kitchen occupies more than one corner of the room, then the kitchen shape is called U-shape and is called an angle kitchen.
Prerequisite: an L-shaped kitchen fits even in smaller rooms, because it can be optimally adapted to rectangular or even square floor plans. A U-shaped kitchen, on the other hand, tends to need a large, square room, otherwise you won’t be able to open a cabinet without bumping into the other kitchen unit. You should also only install tall cabinets or wall cabinets on a maximum of two sides, otherwise the U-shaped kitchen will quickly look overwhelming.
From a room size of twelve square meters, you can, with both kitchen shapes, also consider a dining area when planning – although a dining table fits better in a room with an L-kitchen than in a kitchen with a U-shape. The latter is more suitable for a counter with high chairs.
|+ The L-shaped kitchen can be adapted to almost all floor plans
and therefore fits into any room
room – even one with multiple windows and doors.
+ With an L-shaped kitchen in an
+ A U-shaped kitchen can also be used as a kitchen-living room
+ With both an L- and a
|– The cabinet solutions
for the corners and angles – for example
revolving carousels, pull-out cabinets,
or half cabinets with shelves
– bring a lot of storage space, but are also expensive.- If you have an L-shaped kitchen, you will probably cook
probably with your back to the kitchen
– So you should provide a
the good view above the stovetops.- A U-shaped kitchen is not suitable
for a floor plan with several
windows and doors.
Plenty of space for cooking together: Kitchen with cooking island
What is it? A kitchen that has outsourced part of its function to a free-standing island in the room is called a kitchen with a cooking island or island kitchen. Most often, the work area on the kitchen island is the hob and oven, as well as a faucet to fill the pots – hence the name cooking island. Sometimes the sink and dishwasher are placed on the kitchen island. The island’s main feature is that it is accessible from four sides, and ideally, you look at the dining area while working.
Prerequisite: the kitchen island can be very well combined with a kitchen floor plan in an L-shape or even a kitchenette. At least 15 square meters should be the size of the kitchen space for this type of kitchen and preferably have an open floor plan because even with this type of kitchen, it is advisable to have 1.20 meters of space between the kitchen unit and the kitchen island to be able to open cabinet doors without any problems. A solution for a room with only ten square meters would be a kitchen island, which can be used only from three sides and built on a short side either to the wall or to the kitchen counter. By the way, a kitchen island with stove tops must have a powerful extractor hood, preferably an island hood with lighting.
|+ The kitchen shape is very suitable for large,
‘open spaces and kitchens where often
many people cook together.
It offers not only a lot of space for
cabinets and the cooking area,
but also combines the kitchen floor plan
with that of the adjoining room
room and creates smooth transitions.
|– Retrofitting an island kitchen
is very expensive,
it may be necessary to lay pipes.
This type of kitchen is ideal for new buildings,
but not necessarily for renovations.
Kitchen form for family happiness: the kitchen-living room
What is it? As the name residential kitchen suggests, this concept is designed to accommodate the kitchen and living together in one room. Almost all kitchen shapes are suitable for a kitchen-living room. The L-shape, the U-shape, and the island kitchen are often chosen. They offer a lot of space and sophisticated work paths and can be installed so that you visually integrate the adjacent living area but do not occupy it.
Prerequisite: If you choose the kitchen from a living kitchen, you need a large, open space, a good extractor fan, or many windows.
|+ In a kitchen-living room, you can choose a base
choose between all kitchen shapes and decide on the basis
decide based on the arrangement possibilities
what to install in your dream kitchen.
|– A kitchen quickly appears chaotic
and untidy. Therefore provide
for a lot of and ideally adapted storage space in
cabinets and wall units
– and make sure you use it.
– Not everyone likes it when on the day